2. Seven Year War


Cincinnatus at Sawyer Point


Here’s the PowerPoint presentation for this class:  war for empire

WORLDS IN MOTION: American Indians on the Colonial Frontier


Crucible Of War, by Fred Anderson

One of the main causes of the French and Indian War was the conflict between British and French land claims in the Ohio River Valley. Increased population in the American colonies forced settlers and land speculators to look to the western frontier for more land, and this put them into conflict with the French merchants who controlled the fur trade in the region. After the war, the British won the rights to all the French lands east of the Mississippi River. However, continued western migration put the colonists at odds with the Indians of the Ohio Valley, resulting in a massive Indian uprising in 1763 that had to be put down with great difficulty. Ottawa Chief Pontiac’s rebellion forced the British to commit an enormous amount of resources in policing the frontier and made them aware that what the Indians feared most was continued white settlement in their respective areas. In order to prevent further trouble in the Ohio Valley, the British issued the Proclamation of 1763.
For a map of the 1763 Proclamation line click and review  page ABOUT.


McWhorter House


A typical house of the period, now over the ridge from its original site.  You may visit it at Jackson Mills, WV, on the West Fort of the Monongahela River

1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix:


Fort Stanwix Treaty line along the Ohio River


One of the most consequential European attacks on was the Yellow Creek Massacre, April 30, 1774.  the family of Mingo chief Logan was wiped out and his lament is on of the more famous Indian accounts of their languishing.


Declaration of Independence:

“He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.”

“He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.”

Oct 12 will conclude with a look at the origins of the Northwest Ordinance.  (The 19th we’ll start with its implications for expansion.) The 1787 Ordinance was an important part in Lincoln’s understanding of American slavery. See his Copper Union Speech.  In this address, President Lincoln argues that the Constitution as interpreted by the 39 signers of the document allows for federal control over the spread of slavery into the federal territories. This speech helped establish Lincoln as one of the leaders of the Republican Party.


Lincoln in Cincinnati


Abraham Lincoln pointed out to a Cincinnati audience in 1859, “Our fathers who made the government, made the ordinance of 1787.”


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