15 Oct

Campus Martius (Marietta, OH)

Upon passage of the Northwest Ordinance in 1787, the Ohio Company, a major mover in its passage, went to Ohio. Campus Martius was a fortification at the Marietta, Ohio settlement. Home to Rufus Putnam, Benjamin Tupper, Arthur St. Clair, and other settlers during the Northwest Indian War. Major Anselm Tupper was commander of the Campus Martius during the war.[1][2] Construction began in 1788 and was fully completed in 1791. The Campus Martius was located on the east side of the Muskingum River, and upriver from its confluence with the Ohio River.

For a PBS video of this see OPENING THE DOOR WEST

It would help me if I had more response to the questionnaire.  If nothing else, you could email me ( fcarpenter (@) ) telling me what you want to get out of our OLLI explorations.


Neuva York 1613-1945

15 Oct

We have been exploring wars of empire: British, French and Spanish.  While our focus is primarily on territorial expansion, this expansion of land impacted the expansion of culture, seeking ways to integrate the peoples living in the different lands.  Hispanic groups in New York City played an important role in both cultural and territorial expansion.  This exhibit is presented by the NY Historical Soceity and El Museo del Barrio New York.

Guest speaker

11 Oct

On the 19th, after finishing up my take on some of the aspects of Cincinnati’s role in American expansion,  Bob Brodbeck will join us.  Bob, a local genealogist, will share the story of his ancestral Schierberg family’s origins in the Grandduchy of Oldenburg (Germany) and the reasons for their emigration to America and Cincinnati.

PowerPoint file on-line

8 Oct


I’ve posted the PowerPoint file for our first gathering. You will need MS PowerPoint to view it.

PowerPoint presentation (no audio) : FAITH, FISH ‘N FUR [Recovered]

I will post the presentation on the page of each class afterward.


Great to meet you!

6 Oct

Greetings,  I thought yesterday went well.  I was concerned about all the details meshing, particularly getting the PowerPoint up and running.

If you lost your quenstions sheet, you can down load it here: Questions Please bring it with you next Tesuday for me.

My email is fcarpenter (@)  and phone is   513  //   681  //  3271

I hope to have the notes and PowerPoint presentation up in the next day or two.


3 Oct


Classes start in a few days.  I hope you will sign up to receive email from this site.  See the box over to the right!


Winning the French & Indian War

6 Sep

I was reading about  Alfred W. McCoy in his Politics of Heroin that in 1777  the British colonial governor in Bengal “established a colonial monopoly on the sale of opium.”  McCoy goes on  “As the East India Company expanded production, opium became India’s main export. [. . . ] Over the next 130 years, Britain actively promoted the export of Indian opium to China, defying Chinese drug laws and fighting two wars to open China’s opium market for its merchants. Using its military and mercantile power, Britain played a central role in making China a vast drug market and in accelerating opium cultivation throughout China. By 1900 China had 13.5 million addicts consuming 39,000 tons of opium.”

My studies in preparation for our Fall 2010 class not far from my mind, I thought about First Nations in America.  Alcohol was  a problem,  and I remembered that rum was a form of currency in the New England triangle slave trade.  Rum was used to buy slaves on the west coast of Africa, who were shipped to the West Indies where they grew sugar cane.  Molasses was shipped to New England to make rum.

Googling ‘rum  Shawnee” I came across AND A BOTTLE OF RUM.  The author remarks that the difference between rum and brandy helped maintain the “GREAT WALL” down the Appalachian mountains.   “Some historians have suggested the general preference for the taste of rum over brandy actually kept some tribes from defecting  to the French.”